By early 1920s, the Colonial Administration was already well established in Onitsha Province. At Amawbia, Chiefs Agbata Ikele and Owelle Okongwu were recognized Warrant Chiefs. In the Catholic Church, the Onitsha Ecclesiastical Province had already established a large Parish at Adazi headed by Reverend Father Albert Bubendorff. Nearer home, the Catholic Church was already established in the following towns: Amaenyi-Awka, Nise, Enugwu-Agidi, Enugwu-Ukwu and Nawfia. Even here at Amawbia the Anglican Church was in existence and services were conducted on Sundays. But there was no Catholic Church in Amawbia.
This was the situation which constituted a big dilemma to a group of young men and women in Amawbia who has come in contact with the teaching and practices of the Catholic Church elsewhere. Two of the young men – Massers Chiaghanam uduh and Nwangwu Anaevuo, who lived at Onitsha and attended Catholic Church there, returned home and were faced with the problem of Sunday Service. They trecked distances on Sundays to neighbouring towns for the Holy Mass. Other members of the growing Catholic adherents experienced the same problem of where to attend Sunday services. Their initial action was to organize Sunday services at the residence of Mr. Chiaghanam Udu’s parents at Nwangbeke Elli’s compound at Umueze village. The early pioneers were Matthew C. Uduh, Annah Maduka, Henry d . Okafor, Francis N. Anaevuo, Charles O. Onwuasoanya, Samuel O. Odumodu. Before long, membership of the Catholic Sunday services as conducted in the private residence increase rapidly and the venue was subsequently changed to Mr. Enendu Nonyelu’s residence at Ngene village, where morning and evening services were conducted .
The Catholic faith continued to spread among the youths and by the year 1923, the following were baptized : Mr. Chiaghanam Uduh was baptized Matthew, Nwangwu Anaevuo was christened Francis Anaevuo. Others followed : Okoye Odumodu was christened Samuel; Nonyelu Udogu, Fidelis; Okonkwo Nwisu, Dominic; Okoloudo Okoye, Raymond ; Nwogbo Akubude, Edward ; Ebeatu Okafor, Davison; Onwuamaeze Ojiyi, Jeremiah; Chukwukodinaka Nwisu, Luke; Chukwuemeka Onuorah, Peter; Osita Obiechina, Michael, Nnadozie Okeke, Ezekie; Ngenegbo Okeke, Innocent; Chukwuemeka Ekenta, Reuben; Okoye Oye, Charles; Chiaghanam Nnam, Theophilus; Ojiko Okoye, Thomas; Mmadiagwu Nnagbo became Benjamin. There is a woman of note, Mgbogafor Mmaduka who was baptized Annah.
2. FORMALE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHURCH
In spite of the laudable efforts of the young pioneers as described above, the issue of the formal establishment of the Catholic Church in Amawbia in the sense of priests celebrating of Holy Mass, has yet to be achieved . The young pioneers geared up to tackle this problem. They sent a delegation to Adazi to the parish Priests, Rev. Fr. Bubendorff requesting formal establishment of the Church and the posting of a resident teacher. Fr. Bubendorff wanted to know the population of converts at that time to warrant the granting of the request. The young pioneers claimed that they had already had a population of thirty-five (35) members. Fr. Bubendorff directed them to seek for more converts and secondly to secure a site for the Church. The young pioneers therefore approached Chief Agbata Ikele and Chief Owelle Okongwu to help them secure a piece of land . Fortunately, a regular meeting of Amawbia leaders known as Ekumeku was scheduled at the residence of Nwokike Mgbokwu. In attendance at the meeting were Onuorah Nweke, Muo Nwajamu,, Owelle Okongwu, Mogonu, Nwadije Egege, Nwafia, Nwosu Ilee and others. Messers Uduh and Anaevuo were allowed to address the meeting. They appealed for help in securing site for the Catholic Church. They also campaigned for converts. The Ekumeku promised to help in the search for site. On the issue of conversion, the heathens sought for explanation regarding the practice of the Catholic Church on issues which they had serious views namely: burial ceremonies, celebration of Otite festival, masquerades and their own heathen worship symbols eg. ‘Okpensi. Will all these be thrown away? The reply of the pioneers was tactful and highly diplomatic. “In the Catholic Church” they told the heathens, “iconoclasm is not an instrument of conversion. You may even bring your ‘Okpensi’ up to the premises of the Church, go in for services and take it away after service”. The young pioneers believed that with time the heathens would be converted without coercion or physical violence. Time and history have vindicated their subtle approach to conversion. The priest of a shrine at Ngene village, Maduka, was converted . He left his shrine and became a full member of the Catholic Church, taking at the same time, the title ‘Alusikwuoluonweya’ meaning “let the Alusi (heathen god ) speak for itself”. Through the influence of Chiefs Agbata Ikele and Owelle Okongwu and members of Ekumeku, land was secured at two Aguogba. The Church was however, to choose one site. Father Bubendorff arrived and inspected the two site and in full consultation with the laity, choose the present site. There were initial opposition to the choice of site by some of the land owners. The young church was even taken to court. However, Fr. Bubendorff intervened and the matter was eventually resolved .
As soon as the initial problems of acquiring land was over, work on the first church building started . Early in 1925, the building was completed . It measured 30ft by 10ft. soon after the completion of the building, Fr. Bubendorff accompanied by the catechist of Adazi, Mr. Solomon Okaih, celebrated the first Mass which was attended by Chiefs and prominent sons and daughters of Amawbia. The Church was named “Saint Matthew” after Mr. Matthew Uduh who led the pioneers. A school with classes up to standard two was simultaneously established with Mr. Maurice Onusogu as the first headmaster assisted by Mr. Matthew Uduh.
Within the Church, Catechism classes were organized on regular basis and converts began to prepare to receive the Sacraments. Consequently, the following blazed the trail in Christian wedding: Jacob Ifesi, Vincent Okeke Akubude, Geofrey Nwana, Alfred Aniemena, Richard Nwudo, David Aguiyi, Azik Igweonwu. It should be noted that at the beginning of the Catholic Church in Amawbia both church and school were tied up in a symbiotic partnership. On Sundays, the headmaster read the gospel, preached the sermon, directed the choir and held catechism classes. The Parish Priest paid periodic visits to administer sacraments and to supervise the work of the Headmasters and his team of teachers. On ordinary days, the headmaster and his teachers administered the school, teaching and the pupils in the same building used as the church.
3. THE CHURCH AND OTHER BUILDINGS
There were a number of stages in the construction of buildings in our present Catholic mission. The first church/school building was started in 1924 and completed early in 1925. three age grades assisted in the construction, namely: The Igboemene Age Grade, the Nchaba Age Grade and the Emenine Age Grade. The walls were made with mud and the roof was made with raffia mats. Small dwart walls were purposely made as seats. The second building became necessary as both the school and church population increased significantly. In 1929/1930 a bigger building made of mud walls with dwart walls designed to serve as pews was constructed under the headmastership of Mr. Theophilus Eze. In 1933 under the headmastership of Mr. James Okigbo, a new building of mud blocks with thatched roof but larger than the earlier building and designed to accommodate the expanded population was built. The fourth buildings on the line was the Rev. Fathers’ Rest House used as the base for Rev. Fathers J.C. Anyogu, T. Fox, P. Smith and J. Morrisey who were regularly on tours of Nise, Nibo, Awka, Ugwuoba and other towns early 1940s by a Union of Adult Catholic of Amawbia was completed in General assisted by R.N. Igwedibie; S.O.U Anumba, General Secretary assisted by Patrick Okoye, and S.O. Odumodu as Treasurer. However, fund -raising activities were embarked upon as far back as 1931. Ubogazu Dance was one such activity. Sir Raphael Igwedibie, a profounf historian of the early period stated that in 1958, Rev. Fr. P. Brday advised St. Matthew’s Catholic Church Committee to work towards a separate church. This advise along with its challenging implications was accepted by the then Church Committee made up of the following members among others: Messers S.O.U Anumba M.N. Ofunu, M.O. Nuofunanya. R.N Igwedibie and N.N. Ezeanya of Nawfija. Self help was an obvious implication of the acceptance to embark on church and school buildings. However, the spirit of self-help as we now understand it, was relatively new in those says. Sir Igwedibie observed that the foundation for that spirit of self-help has earlier been laid during a meeting attended by S.O.U, Anumba, Miss Elizabeth Odikpo (now Mrs. E. Ndibe) , Mr. M.O. Muofunanya and R.N. Igwedibie. During that meeting, donations were made and from them onwards, donations and levies became regular features of fund -raising.
Fund -raising activities were embarked upon and on the 3rd of June 1964, work on the actual foundation began with a Holy Mass by the Parish Priest Rev. Fr. V.J. Maduike. Work on the church building was disrupted by the Nigerian civil war. After the civil war, work resumed in 1971 with Mr. M.E. Nnamah playing a prominent role. A lot of progress was made under Rev. Fr. A. Edokobi between 1973 and 1974. After Edokobi, Rev. Fr. E. Nwosu greatly encouraged the work of the Building Committee and enabled the committee to purchase cement at cheaper prices. On April 20th 1975, His Grace Most Rev. Dr. Francis Arinze, the then Archbishop of Onitsha Ecclesiastical Province, performed the foundation laying ceremony of the new and exclusively church building. Other building projects since assuming Parish status in Quarters (1992) , parish Reverend fathers’ House (1975-1977) , Boys’ grotto Shrine – all built by Samuel O. Odumodu family 1996/1985) , Marian new Parish hall which was then under construction.
4. LEADERSHIP OF THE CHURCH SINCE PARISH STATUS
(a) Rev. Fathers who have administered the Parish are as indicated below:
1977/1978 – Rev. Fr. C.C. Ife – First Resident Parish Priest
1978/1979 – Rev. Fr. B.C.B. Muojekwu
1979/1980 – Rev. Fr. Aaron E. Ekwu assisted by Rev. Fr. A. Edokobi
1983/1986 – Rev. Fr. Mark Ezeamaechi assisted by Rev. Fr. A.E. Ekwu
1986/1989 – Rev. Fr. Jude Okafor assisted by Rev. Fr. A.E. Ekwu
1989/1996 – Rev. Fr. Marthin Madueke and assisted by
Rev. Fr. Martin Ibeh (1990) Rev. Fr. Boniface Ubaka (1991) Rev. Fr. Innocent Nwafor (1992)
Rev. Fr. Cornelius Okeke (1994) Rev. Fr. Jerome Madumumelu (1995) Rev. Fr. Charles Ogbunambala (1996) 1996/1998 – Rev. Fr. Wenceslaus Ofojebe assisted by Rev. Fr. Charles Ogbunambala
1998/2001 – Rev. Fr. Emmanuek Otiaba, assisted by Rev. Fr. J. Okafor
2001-2007 – Msgr.P.N. Chinyelu assisted by Rev. Fr. Paulus Maria Okafor
Rev. Fr. Patrick Onuegbu
Rev. Fr. Christian Okafor and
Rev. Fr. Juse Amatu
2007- Date (2010) – Rev. Fr. Jonas Benson Okoye assisted by
Rev. Fr. Fabian Anumba
Rev. Fr. Malachy Ezeonyiwara
Rev. Fr. Bonaventure Okoye
Rev. Fr. Frank Obi-Okoye
The following served as Catechists since Parish status
1. 1970- Mr. Peterson Ezegbudo
2. 1974- 1989: Mr. P.N.C. Nwokoye
3. 1990- Date: Mr. Godwin C.O. Ngene assisted from
2004 by Mrs. Maria Maureen Odilatu.
Some of the Donors include :
- Ozo Louis Nwosu- Zinc/Materials worth – N45,000.00
Arc. Chiedu Udeozor – Altar rail and Blessed Virgin Mary Statue
Mr. Joe Ojukwu – N10,000.00
Mrs. M. M. Odilatu Crucifix/Plant N10,000.00
Mrs. Magdalene Okoye Public Address System
Rtn. Vincent Odoh 2 Bundles of Zinc
Late Sir Ben Okonkwo & Family – 5 seats
Ben Okonkwo & Family – 10 seats
Late Lady Kate Nworah/Family – N5,000.00
Engr. Okey Odumodu – N5,000.00
Esther Onuorah N5,000.00/Plastic Seats
Dr. a .B. C. Nworah N5,000.00
Engr. Chuks Udeozor N5,000.00
Mr. C. N. C. Jideofor N2,000.00
Mr/Mrs. Tony Okonkwo N5,000.00
Late Dr. Albert Nworah – N5,000.00
Mr. Ikechukwu Nwugwa – N2,000.00
Mr. Pius Jidobi – N2,000/Musical Instruments and so many other donations.
These materials facilitated the structure of the out station.
Land for the Permanent Site of the Out Station
The following persons, Joe Ojukwu, Ikechukwu Nwugwa & Pius Jideobi were appointed by Late Msgr. P. N. Chinyelu to look for a permanent site for the out station. This led them to late Josiah Nwokike ’s house , to negotiate for Umuzoegbo family land beside Central School Compound Amawbia . The search lingered on till the death of Msgr. P. N. Chinyelu on 8th January 2007.
After the death of Msgr. P. N. Chinyelu the parish priest in the person of Rev. Fr. Dr. Jonas Benson Okoye who took over the administration of the parish, led the committee once again to Josiah Nwokike ’s house but the efforts were in vain.
Acquisition of the out Station Site By the special grace of God, a place of worship was procured on the 26th day of December 2008. Sir Joe Ojukwu took a letter from the parish priest to Enuoji village in which the parish council requested that Ngene -Orji Shrine be given or sold to the parish for church development. The Enuoji village meeting, after reading the letter and listening to the address made by Sir Joe Ojukwu, together with some lobbying by Dr. Ikem Odumodu, Sir R. N. Igwedibe , Mr. Jonah Igwedibe , Mr. Sam Odumodu, Mr. Felix Igwedibe , Mr. Philip Nwanza , Mr. John Ojukwu and late Mr. Paul Chuka Ojukwu, unanimously agreed to sell the land to St. Mathew’s Catholic Church Amawbia for church development. The land deal was amicably concluded to the satisfaction of both parties.
Surrounding Lands Donations
The following families donated their lands freely to the church, for further expansion of the acquired land. The families are : Officha ’s family , Nwugwa ’s family , Ojukwu’s family . After this, Mr. Paul Ojukwu donated a two room building to serve as store for the parking of cement and other building materials.
Land Exchange Mr. Paul Nwabueze ’s family land was exchanged with land donated by Late Mr. Gabriel Ojukwu’s family . Mr. Daniel Nwokike ’s family land was exchanged with land donated by Sir Joe Ojukwu. Mr. Ekwunife Onuorah’s family land was also exchanged with land donated by Sir Joe Ojukwu’s family for the expansion of the acquired land.
As it pleased the Almighty God, on February 2009 the parish priest Rev. Fr. Jonas Benson Okoye assisted by Rev. Fr. Bonaventure Okoye and Rev. Fr. Francis Obi Okoye led St. Mathew’s Parish faithful, especially those worshipping at the out station to take possession of the (Ngene -Orji Shrine ) land with a Votive Mass of the Holy Spirit. After the solemn celebration, the entire congregation led by the parish priest, joyfully entered the thick forest cleared and cut the huge trees. Before evening all the trees had been felled and cut into pieces, and the whole forest cleared for the erection of the new parish.
Land Fencing and Fathers House Through the effort of our amiable and indefatigable parish priest, Rev. Fr. Dr. Jonas Benson Okoye , the new station grew from strength to strength. Consequently Engr. Edward Dijeh was inspired to fence the land, built the father’s house and boys quarters single handedly . Mrs. Monica Okonkwo, served as the site manager from the time of clearing the site , till the completion of the father’s house and boys quarters. Arch. Maurice Office , did the architectural drawing and supervised the building construction free of charge .
The Creation of St. Edward’s Parish Amawbia On the occasion of the dedication of St. Mathew’s Catholic Church Amawbia on Sunday 22nd August, 2010, the then Apostolic Administrator of Awka Diocese , Most Rev. Dr. P. C. Ezeokafor, announced the creation of ST. EDWARD’S PARISH in Amawbia Town. The announcement was received with great joy and thanksgiving to God by the Amawbia Catholic Community .
It is important to note than, the new parish was given the name Saint Edward, in honour of the Patron Saint of Engr. Eddie Dijeh. We shall continue to thank God for the wonderful work he has used Engr. Dijeh and his family in the Catholic Church, especially in our town Amawbia .
Appointment of the Local Church Council
To facilitate the smooth take off of the newly created parish, the parish priest, Rev. Fr. Dr. Jonas Benson Okoye , appointed the following as members of St. Edward’s Local Church Council.
Mr. C.N.C Jideofor – Vice Chairman
Mrs. Magdalene Okoye – Secretary Mr. Pius Jidobi – CMO Leader Zone 3
Mrs. Justina Odumodu – CWO Leader
Mr. John Jidofor – CMO Leader Zone 1
Mrs. Ngozi Nworah – CWO Leader Zone 1
Mr. Philip Nwanza – CMO Leader Zone 2
Mrs. Grace Nwankwo – CWO Leader Zone 2
Mrs. Josephine Okonkwo – CWO Leader Zone 3
Sir Joe Ojukwu – Ex-officio Member
Handover of Father’s House To the glory of God, the new father’s house was handed over to His Lordship Most Rev. Dr. P. C. Ezeokafor, the then Apostolic Administrator of Awka Diocese on 2nd October 2010 by Engr. Edward Dijeh and family , who financed the project single handedly . Glory be to God on high and on earth peace to men who are God’s friends.
With the arrival of the new parish priest, Rev. Fr. Dr. Joel Okechukwu, the parish status began to bear more fruits. The parish has also two priests-in-residence in addition to the parish priest, namely , Rev. Fr. Dr. Peter Okpalaeke (Chancellor of the Diocese ), and Rev. Fr. Justin Ekene Nwafor, the Assistant Financial Administrator, both work at the Cathedral. The parish started having daily masses and two masses on Sundays, at 6.00am and 9.00am. The first couple to be wedded at St. Edward’s parish was Mrs. /Mrs. Innocent Nwokolo on 20th Nov. 2010. From then the Parish life took off in full. There was first harvest and bazaar on Sunday No. 14 2010 as well as final harvest and bazaar for abroad members on Sunday Dec. 12th 2010, and co-ordinated by the harvest and bazaar committee . From the month of Feb 2011 the parish social and administrative structure started taking shape with the election into offices in the four zones, the statutory bodies (CMO, CWO, Youth, Mary League , the Laity ) as well as other pious societies and the parish and the parish pastoral council in April, 2011.
The construction of the parish hall and parish church spear headed by Engr. Dijeh, kept the parish alive as a point of attraction to all around. With the generous fund made available by the Engineer, the parish hall, an underground edifice , was completed and packed into to serve as temporary church for the parish on Thursday 21st April, 2011.
The first funeral mass in honour of late Mrs. Florence Udeozor took place on 23rd July 2011 at the church. However, the work on the church building continued on the underground hall structure , through the help of Engr. Dijeh. The work has continued unstopped ably supervised by Architect Maurice Office , the parish priest, as well as Frs. Jonas Benson Okoye , Peter Okpalaeke and Justin Nwafor.
The parishioners prove to be very enthusiastic as they respond generously to the various sermons and responsibilities in the parish.
Compiled by the History , Protocol and Publicity Sub-Committee and Coordinated by the Parish Priest.